Castel San Pietro - Verona - Italy

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Paolo Groppo - Copyright

Castel San Pietro

Historical notes
The hill is located in a strategic position. It was inhabited since Roman times of Verona and continued to be inhabited during the barbarian invasions from Alboino and Rosamund, by Pepin, by Berengar, King of Italy. On the ruins of the fortress built by Berengar between the end of the century IX and the beginning of X, and at the old Romanesque church of San Pietro in Castello - which gave its name to the hill - Giangaleazzo Visconti built Castel San Pietro in 1398. The building dominated from Verona and lasted just over four hundred years: it was blown up in 1801 by French soldiers - after the Treaty of Luneville - abandoned the left of the Adige to retire in the right. Finally, in 1840, the Austrians demolished the remains of the Visconti castle, together with the church.
On the area of the castle, the Austrians began in 1851 the construction of barracks-fortress which is still visible: the work was completed in 1856. Note with regret that the Simeoni: "Excavations of the castle were discovered many prehistoric and Roman records that some were lost. So you lost any opportunity to study the remains left in the people who founded this hill Verona, and to know what you stood in the Roman monuments". 
Property of the City of Verona since 1932, the building is not open to the public, because it ruined by time and neglect of men. For many years it is discussed the final destination. The site is popular: from the esplanade in front, overlooking the Roman Theatre and Stone Bridge, you can enjoy a magnificent view of the city.

The current building was designed by Colonel Petrasch, of the Austrian engineering. The first statement, prepared by Captain Bolza in neoclassical style was not accepted. The choice fell on the Romanesque Revival style, probably because it was considered more appropriate to a military building that was to be built on the spot already occupied by a medieval castle. It seems that this style would be acceptable to the military engineers of that time, so much so that it also inspired other buildings, such as - for example - the Arsenal named to Franz Josef.
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Source: Simeoni

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